How To Prevent The Plastering Round Stills From Cracking
This method of making water proof plastering on stills, is done entirely
in making the mortar, and putting it on, in making which, good clay and
lime are absolutely necessary.
When the mortar for the first coat is thoroughly worked, put as much
brock of rye straw into it, as can be worked in, so that when the coat
is put on, it may have a greater appearance of straw than mortar, when
dry, and covered with
the second coat composed of lime mortar, well
rubbed and pressed with the trowel until it be dry. A covering put on of
those materials, will be found to continue firm and compact without
cracking, as in the common mode.
The best method of boiling two, three or more Stills or Kettles with
one fire or furnace.
This method has been found to answer in some instances, and may perhaps
do generally if properly managed. I will here give the result of my own
I set a singling still holding 180 gallons on a furnace of 18 by 14
inches, and 4 feet six inches long, with the bottom to the fire, she had
a common head and worm with scrapers and chains in her. I extended the
flue, (or after passing it round her), to the doubling still which it
likewise went round--but to prevent too much heat from passing to the
doubling still, I fixed a shutter in the flue of the singling still,
immediately above the intersection of the flue of the doubling still, to
turn all the heat round her, and another shutter in the flue of the
doubling still at the intersection of the flue of the singling still, to
shut the heat off from the doubling still if necessary.
With this fixture I run six hogsheads off in every twenty four hours and
doubled the same, with the same heat and fire. I likewise had a boiler
under which I kept another fire, which two fires consumed about three
cords and an half of wood per week, distilling at the rate of sixty-five
bushels of grain per week, and making about one hundred and ninety
gallons in the same time.
Before I adopted this method I kept four fires agoing, and made about
the same quantity of whiskey, consuming about four and an half cords of
wood per week, and was obliged to have the assistance of an additional
distiller per week.
I have since heard of the adoption of this plan with more success than I