The Following Receipt To Make An Excellent American Wine

Was communicated to the Burlington Society for promoting domestic

manufactures, by Joseph Cooper, Esq. of Gloucester county, state of New

Jersey, and ordered to be published;--which, from its extreme

simplicity, and economy, shewing the convenience with which a very

pleasant, healthful beverage, may be kept by every family in our

country, is published in this work. And moreover, as it may have, in

some degree, the happ
effects of correcting the baneful and pernicious

effects of coffee, which is so commonly used for breakfast in our state

at present.

Coffee, when first introduced, was used as a medicine only, and given

only in a well clarified state, and sparingly--both from its soothing

and pleasant effect, it become common, and now it is almost the only

beverage used at breakfast by the farmers of Pennsylvania, and indeed,

people suppose the morning repast is not genteel, unless the board is

decorated with this foreign beverage. If it was used in a moderately

strong well clarified state, it would be less injurious, but it is too

frequently set down in a non descript state, difficult to be named, mixed

with the grounds, and so far from clear, as to be entitled to the epithet

of muddy, and sweetened with bad sugar, carrying with it to the simply

ignorant family, using it in this state, the cause in a great measure of

destroying the tone of the stomach, overloading it, and by and by, the

introduction of a kind of dumb ague, or chill, followed with a fever, and

often creating intermitting and remitting fevers--consequences arising

out of the free use of bad provisions--which diseases are oftentimes kept

up by the use of this infamously prepared coffee, for when the country

people get sick, coffee is too frequently used as the only diet.

It is particularly injurious to bilious habits--souring on the stomach,

becoming acid, creating acidity, and preventing the glandular juicy

supplies from producing the usual fermentation of the food in the

stomach--rendering the chyle vitiated, which in its usual route,

imparts from the intestines, nourishment to the blood. Thus conveying

its baneful properties by this active vehicle, chyle to the blood,

rendering it foetid, discoloured and by and by, often as difficult to

be named in its adulterated state as the composition which gave rise to

it. Had we not very many instances of new diseases--complaints which the

most eminent of the medical faculty can with difficulty name, or treat

with judgment, without first having made many essays and experiments

fatal to the lives of hundreds, which are increasing with every

approaching season, and all since the adoption of coffee. (True, the

free use of ardent spirits and other luxuries operating on the effects

of indolence--of habits, produced by the wealth and independence of our

agricultural and commercial people, and growing out of an imitation of

the elevated, affluent of society, born to fortune, and the successful

professional characters;) a doubt might present itself as to the

propriety of attributing many of those new complaints to coffee ... but

to a too plentiful use of bad provisions, and an indulgence of bad

habits, we must attribute to them. And as badly made coffee is among the

most pernicious kinds of food, and particularly when taken in the

morning on an empty stomach, and that too made from very green coffee,

(dreadfully poisonous when used too frequently before it acquires age

and a whiter colour,) it may be condemned with greater propriety. And

whilst this beverage is condemned and so highly to be disapproved of, it

is well if we can invent a light, pure, active and healthful beverage to

be taken freely, between or at meals, calculated in its nature to

correct in some degree, the unhappy effects of bad provisions--it is

therefore I mention the