In appearance of fruit, Chautauqua is very similar to Concord, its

parent, but the grapes ripen a few days earlier and are of better

quality, although they do not differ in these respects sufficiently to

make the variety much more than an easily recognized strain of

Concord. Chautauqua is a volunteer seedling of Concord, found near

Brocton, New York, by H. T. Bashtite about 1890.

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Vine vigorous, doubtfully hardy, unproductive. Canes long, thick,

cylindrical; internodes long; tendrils continuous, trifid. Leaves

large, irregularly round, dark green; upper surface dark green;

lower surface tinged with bronze; leaf entire or faintly

three-lobed. Flowers semi-fertile, open in mid-season or earlier;

stamens upright.

Fruit early in mid-season. Clusters medium to large, broad,

sometimes single-shouldered, compact. Berries large, round or

slightly oval, purplish-black with abundant bloom, shatter badly;

skin thin, very astringent; flesh tough, vinous, sweet at skin,

acid at center; good to very good. Seeds few, free, broad, plump.