In appearance of fruit, Chautauqua is very similar to Concord, its
parent, but the grapes ripen a few days earlier and are of better
quality, although they do not differ in these respects sufficiently to
make the variety much more than an easily recognized strain of
Concord. Chautauqua is a volunteer seedling of Concord, found near
Brocton, New York, by H. T. Bashtite about 1890.
Vine vigorous, doubtfully hardy, unproductive. Canes long, thick,
cylindrical; internodes long; tendrils continuous, trifid. Leaves
large, irregularly round, dark green; upper surface dark green;
lower surface tinged with bronze; leaf entire or faintly
three-lobed. Flowers semi-fertile, open in mid-season or earlier;
Fruit early in mid-season. Clusters medium to large, broad,
sometimes single-shouldered, compact. Berries large, round or
slightly oval, purplish-black with abundant bloom, shatter badly;
skin thin, very astringent; flesh tough, vinous, sweet at skin,
acid at center; good to very good. Seeds few, free, broad, plump.