(Lincecumii, Vinifera, Labrusca)

Carman is a grape having the characters of three species and hence is

of interest to grape improvers. It has not become popular with

growers, chiefly because the grapes ripen very late and are not of

high quality. The most valuable character of the variety is that of

long keeping, whether hanging on the vine or after harvesting. T. V.

Munson, Denison, Texas, raised Carman
rom seed of a wild post-oak

grape taken from the woods, pollinated with mixed pollen of Triumph

and Herbemont. It was introduced in 1892.

Vine very vigorous, hardy, rather productive. Canes long,

numerous, thick, reddish-brown; nodes enlarged, flattened;

internodes long; tendrils intermittent, long, trifid. Leaves

large, thick; upper surface light green, glossy, older leaves

rugose; lower surface pale green, pubescent; terminal lobe acute;

petiolar sinus deep; basal sinus absent or shallow; lateral sinus

shallow when present. Flowers self-fertile or nearly so, open very

late; stamens upright.

Fruit late, keeps well. Clusters variable in size, tapering,

single-shouldered, compact; pedicel short, slender, smooth; brush

short, slender, wine-colored. Berries small, round, slightly

oblate, purplish-black, glossy, covered with heavy bloom,

persistent, firm; skin thin, tough, free; flesh yellowish-green,

tender, post-oak flavor, vinous, spicy; good to very good. Seeds

free, one to four, small, blunt, brown.