Campbell Early

(Labrusca, Vinifera)

The meritorious qualities of Campbell Early (Plate IX) are: The grapes

are high in quality when mature; free from foxiness and from acidity

about the seeds; have small seeds which easily part from the flesh;

are early, ripening nearly a fortnight before Concord; bunch and berry

are large and handsome; and the vines are exceptionally hardy.

Campbell Early falls short in not being adapt
d to many soils; the

variety lacks productiveness; the grapes attain full color before they

are ripe and are, therefore, often marketed in an unripe condition;

the bunch is variable in size; and the color of the berry is not

attractive. George W. Campbell, Delaware, Ohio, grew this variety

from a seedling of Moore Early pollinated by a Labrusca-Vinifera

hybrid. It bore first in 1892.

Vine vigorous, hardy, productive. Canes thick, dark reddish-brown,

surface roughened with small warts; nodes flattened; internodes

short; shoots pubescent; tendrils intermittent, short, bifid or

trifid. Leaves large, thick; upper surface green, glossy; lower

surface bronze, heavily pubescent; lobes three, usually entire,

terminal one acute; petiolar sinus shallow, wide; basal sinus

pubescent; lateral sinus wide or a notch; teeth shallow, narrow.

Flowers self-fertile, open in mid-season; stamens upright.

Fruit early, keeps and ships well. Clusters usually large, long,

broad, tapering, single-shouldered; pedicel short, slender with

small warts; brush long, light wine color. Berries usually large,

round, oval, dark purplish-black, dull with heavy bloom,

persistent, firm; skin tough, thin, adherent with dark red

pigment, astringent; flesh green, translucent, juicy, coarse,

vinous, sweet from skin to center; good. Seeds free, one to four,

light brown, often with yellow tips.