The meritorious qualities of Campbell Early (Plate IX) are: The grapes
are high in quality when mature; free from foxiness and from acidity
about the seeds; have small seeds which easily part from the flesh;
are early, ripening nearly a fortnight before Concord; bunch and berry
are large and handsome; and the vines are exceptionally hardy.
Campbell Early falls short in not being adapt
d to many soils; the
variety lacks productiveness; the grapes attain full color before they
are ripe and are, therefore, often marketed in an unripe condition;
the bunch is variable in size; and the color of the berry is not
attractive. George W. Campbell, Delaware, Ohio, grew this variety
from a seedling of Moore Early pollinated by a Labrusca-Vinifera
hybrid. It bore first in 1892.
Vine vigorous, hardy, productive. Canes thick, dark reddish-brown,
surface roughened with small warts; nodes flattened; internodes
short; shoots pubescent; tendrils intermittent, short, bifid or
trifid. Leaves large, thick; upper surface green, glossy; lower
surface bronze, heavily pubescent; lobes three, usually entire,
terminal one acute; petiolar sinus shallow, wide; basal sinus
pubescent; lateral sinus wide or a notch; teeth shallow, narrow.
Flowers self-fertile, open in mid-season; stamens upright.
Fruit early, keeps and ships well. Clusters usually large, long,
broad, tapering, single-shouldered; pedicel short, slender with
small warts; brush long, light wine color. Berries usually large,
round, oval, dark purplish-black, dull with heavy bloom,
persistent, firm; skin tough, thin, adherent with dark red
pigment, astringent; flesh green, translucent, juicy, coarse,
vinous, sweet from skin to center; good. Seeds free, one to four,
light brown, often with yellow tips.