(Vulpina, Labrusca, Vinifera)

Canada is considered the most desirable hybrid between Vulpina and

Vinifera. The variety shows Vinifera more than Vulpina parentage;

thus, in susceptibility to fungal diseases, in shape, color and

texture of foliage, in the flavor of the fruit and in the seeds, there

are marked indications of Vinifera; while the vine, especially in the

slenderness of its shoots and in the bun
h and berry, shows Vulpina.

Canada has little value as a dessert fruit but makes a very good red

wine or grape-juice. Canada is a seedling of Clinton, a

Labrusca-Vulpina hybrid, fertilized by Black St. Peters, a variety of

Vinifera. Charles Arnold, Paris, Ontario, planted the seed which

produced Canada in 1860.

Vine very vigorous, hardy, productive. Canes long, numerous,

slender, ash-gray, reddish-brown at nodes with heavy bloom; nodes

enlarged; internodes short; tendrils intermittent, short, trifid

or bifid. Leaves thin; upper surface light green, smooth; lower

surface pale green, hairy; terminal lobe acute; petiolar sinus

deep, narrow; basal sinus variable in depth and width; lateral

sinus deep and narrow; teeth deep and wide. Flowers self-sterile,

early; stamens upright.

Fruit mid-season, keeps well. Clusters long, slender, uniform,

cylindrical, compact; pedicel long, slender, smooth; brush short,

light brown. Berries small, round, purplish-black, glossy with

heavy bloom, persistent, firm; skin thin, tough, adherent; flesh

dark green, very juicy, fine-grained, tender, spicy, pleasant

vinous flavor, agreeably tart; good. Seeds free, one to three,

blunt, light brown.