(Labrusca, Vinifera)

Canandaigua is worth attention because of the exceptionally good

keeping qualities of the grapes. The flavor is very good at picking

time but seems, if anything, to improve in storage. The vine

characters are those of Labrusca-Vinifera hybrids, and in these the

variety is the equal of the average cultivated hybrid of these two

species. The characters of the fruit, also, show plainly a

of Vinifera and Labrusca so combined as to make the grapes very

similar to the best of such hybrids. Canandaigua is a chance seedling

found by E. L. Van Wormer, Canandaigua, New York, growing among wild

grapes. It was distributed about 1897.

Vine vigorous, doubtfully hardy, productive. Canes long, few,

reddish-brown, faint bloom; nodes enlarged, flattened; tendrils

semi-continuous, bifid, dehisce early. Leaves large, thin; upper

surface light green; lower surface gray-green. Flowers sterile or

sometimes partly self-fertile, open in mid-season; stamens


Fruit late mid-season, keeps unusually well. Clusters variable in

size, usually heavily single-shouldered, loose to medium. Berries

large, oval, black, covered with thick bloom, persistent; skin

adherent, thin, tough; flesh firm, sweet and rich; good, improves

as season advances. Seeds long with enlarged neck.