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(Lincecumii, Vinifera, Labrusca)

Carman is a grape having the characters of three species and hence is
of interest to grape improvers. It has not become popular with
growers, chiefly because the grapes ripen very late and are not of
high quality. The most valuable character of the variety is that of
long keeping, whether hanging on the vine or after harvesting. T. V.
Munson, Denison, Texas, raised Carman from seed of a wild post-oak
grape taken from the woods, pollinated with mixed pollen of Triumph
and Herbemont. It was introduced in 1892.

Vine very vigorous, hardy, rather productive. Canes long,
numerous, thick, reddish-brown; nodes enlarged, flattened;
internodes long; tendrils intermittent, long, trifid. Leaves
large, thick; upper surface light green, glossy, older leaves
rugose; lower surface pale green, pubescent; terminal lobe acute;
petiolar sinus deep; basal sinus absent or shallow; lateral sinus
shallow when present. Flowers self-fertile or nearly so, open very
late; stamens upright.

Fruit late, keeps well. Clusters variable in size, tapering,
single-shouldered, compact; pedicel short, slender, smooth; brush
short, slender, wine-colored. Berries small, round, slightly
oblate, purplish-black, glossy, covered with heavy bloom,
persistent, firm; skin thin, tough, free; flesh yellowish-green,
tender, post-oak flavor, vinous, spicy; good to very good. Seeds
free, one to four, small, blunt, brown.

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