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(Vulpina, Labrusca)

This variety has long been grown in New Jersey and New York, and in
both states is highly esteemed as a wine-grape. The fruit is
remarkable in coloring very early and in ripening late. The vine is
hardy, very vigorous, succeeds in various soils, and since it bears
grafts well is an excellent sort upon which to graft varieties not
thriving on their own roots. Clevener is self-sterile and must be
planted with some other variety to set fruit well. In spite of its
good qualities, Clevener is hardly holding its own in commercial
vineyards, and it is not a desirable fruit for the amateur who wants a
table-grape. Clevener has been raised in the vicinity of Egg Harbor,
New Jersey, since about 1870, but its place and time of origin are

Vine a rampant grower, hardy, productive. Canes long, numerous,
thick, dark reddish-brown with heavy bloom; nodes enlarged;
tendrils continuous, bifid. Leaves unusually large, dark green
with well-defined ribs showing through the thin pubescence of the
under surface; lobes wanting or faint; teeth deep, wide. Flowers
self-sterile, open very early; stamens reflexed.

Fruit late, keeps well. Clusters do not always fill well, small,
short, slender, irregularly tapering, often with a single
shoulder. Berries small, round or slightly flattened, black,
glossy, covered with heavy bloom, persistent, firm; skin tough,
thin, inclined to crack, adherent with much purplish-red pigment;
flesh reddish-green, juicy, tender, soft, fine-grained, aromatic,
spicy; good. Seeds free, notched, sharp-pointed, dark brown.

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