By Layering

This is a very convenient method of increasing such varieties as will

not grow readily from cuttings; and vines thus propagated will, if

treated right, make very good plants. To layer a vine, shorten in its

last season's growth to about one-half; then prepare the ground

thoroughly, pulverizing it well; then, early in spring make a small

furrow, about an inch deep, then bend the cane down and fasten it

firmly in the bot
om of the trench, by wooden hooks or pegs, made for

the purpose. They may thus be left, until the young shoots have grown,

say six inches; then fill up with finely pulverized soil or leaf-mould.

The vines will thus strike root generally at every joint. The young

shoots may be tied to small sticks, provided for the purpose, and when

they have grown about a foot, their tips should be pinched off to make

them grow more stocky. In the Fall they are taken up carefully,

commencing to dig at the end furthest removed from the vine, and

separate each plant between the joints, so that every shoot has a

system of roots by itself. They are then either planted immediately, or

heeled in as described before.