Apparatus For Wine-making--the Grape Mill And Press

This mill can be made very simple, of two wooden rollers, fastened in a

square frame, running against each other, and turned with a crank and

cog-wheel. The rollers should be about nine inches in diameter, and set

far enough apart to mash the berries, but not the seeds and stems. A

very convenient apparatus, mill and press, is manufactured by Geiss &

Brosius, Belleville, Ill., and where the quantity to be made does not

exceed 2,000 gallons, it will answer every purpose. The mill has stone

rollers, which can be set by screws to the proper distance, with a

cutting apparatus on top, for apples in making cider, which can be

taken off at will. The press is by itself, and consists of an iron

screw, coming up through the platform, with a zinc tube around it to

prevent the must from coming in contact with it. The platform has a

double bottom, the lower one with grooves; the upper consists simply of

boards, with grooves through it to allow the must to run through. These

boards are held in their places by wooden pegs, and can be taken off at

will. A circular hopper, about a foot in diameter, and made of laths

screwed to iron rings, with about a quarter of an inch space between

them, encloses the zinc tube. The outer frame is constructed in the

same way, is about 2-1/2 feet in diameter, and bound with strong wooden

and iron hoops. The mashed grapes are poured into the frame, a

close-fitting cover is put on, which is held down by a strong block,

and the power is applied by an iron nut just on the top of the screw,

with holes in each end to apply strong wooden levers. The apparatus is

strong, simple, and convenient, and presses remarkably fast and clean,

as the must can run off below, on the outside and also on the inside.

The cost of mill and press is about $90, but each can be had separately

for $45.

If a large amount of grapes are to be pressed, the press should be of

much larger dimensions, but may be constructed on the same principle--a

strong, large platform, with a strong screw coming through the middle,

and a frame made of laths, screwed to a strong wooden frame, through

which the must can run off freely, with another frame around the

outside of the platform. The must runs off through grooves to the lower

side, where it is let off by a spout. It may be large enough to contain

a hundred bushels of grapes at a single pressing, for a great deal

depends upon the ability of the vintner to press a large amount just at

the proper time, when the must has fermented on the husks just as long

as he desires it to do.